Offprint from Languageand cognitive processes 10 (2).
|Other titles||Language and cognitive processes.|
In this paper, I present a view of the relative roles of logical presup-position and shared knowledge in -cleft constructions. I will argue for for a view of -clefts in which presupposition on the Author: Judy Delin. Presents a view of the relative roles of logical presupposition and shared knowledge in "it"-cleft constructions. Indicators of shared knowledge relate to a speaker's "assumptions" about the state of the hearer's knowledge, whereas presuppositions indicate a speaker's "requirements" for what should be included within the hearer's discourse by: Book. Full-text available however, the anaphoric nature of the existential presupposition of it-clefts is emphasized (for focus see Geurts and van der Sandt ). In a whole line of research Author: Judy Delin. It-clefts, basic wh-clefts and reversed wh-clefts differ from one another in the interplay of four variables: informativity, topicality, presupposition and findings of the present corpus-based study suggest that informativity, which has attracted significantly more attention in the literature than the others, is signalled primarily by discourse-recoverability rather than prosody.
Information placed within an it-cleft presupposition appears to remind rather than inform, regardless of its objective status in the discourse. Arising out of this anaphoricity is a second factor: presupposed information is in general NON-NEGOTIABLE. Negated, the clefts become It wasn’t a book that Mary bought, respectively, What Mary bought wasn’t a book. The result shows that only the negation of the clefts still implies the presupposition. Consequently, the clefts share the same presupposition and the same focus (“a book”), but the non-clefted sentence does not. Presupposition of (7): Jack has children. It-clefts: sentences of the form It was X who/that Y-ed presuppose Someone Y-ed. (Here, the trigger is the entire syntactic construction.) (8) It was Richard who stole the gerbil. Presupposition of (8): Someone stole the gerbil. Regret: sentences of the form X regrets V-ing (Y) presuppose X V-ed (Y). Over the past few decades, presupposition and implicature have risen to a pre‐eminent place in semantics and pragmatics. They are now among the most trusted and widely explored sources of insight into how language and context interact, the role of social cognition in shaping linguistic behavior, and the nature of linguistic meaning itself.
Although the French c’est-cleft and the English it-cleft appear at first glance to share similar syntactic and pragmatic properties (they are both what Lambrecht calls “argument focus” constructions), their use in discourse is not always the same. One finds a number of situations in which the c’est-cleft is required but the it-cleft is pragmatically odd. To appear in the International Encyclopedia of Linguistic Anthropology Presupposition (>>). A. Presuppositions are implications that are often felt to be in the background — to be assumed by the speaker to be already known to the addressee. B. A good diagnostic: presuppositions are shared by members of ‘the S family’ — that is, they . Entailment and Presupposition by Zainurrahman Entailment Definition: Entailments are inferences that can be drawn solely from our knowledge about the semantic relationship in a language. This knowledge allows us to communicate much more than we actually “say”. In this pragmatics point of view, sentences are distinguished into three types: analytic sentence, contradiction, and synthetic.